Coffee Energizes The World

Coffee Background

Coffee. The natural resource that invigorates mankind and the world. It is a drink that exist in almost every country around the globe, from small unknown communities to large cities in the west. There are many folklores on the origin of coffee, dating back to the 15th century. It started with a discovery in the Ethiopian plateau when a young shepherd noticed his animals’ energy levels increased after eating berries from a plant.

He reported his findings to leaders in a local monastery, which began experimenting with roasting and boiling the berries. Discovering that by making it a beverage, it increased their energy and alertness that can be used in their observance and rituals during the day.

Word spread about the energizing coffee drink to the Arabian Peninsula, where coffee production and trade began in the 15th century. Years later the coffee trade traveled to areas around the Middle East, Persia and Turkey. By the 17th century, it reached the rest of the world, such as Southeast Asia and the Americas.

The Process

Coffee harvest and process

The stimulating effects of coffee are mostly due to its content of approximately 95 mg of caffeine per cup caffeine, which is a central nervous system stimulant that reduces fatigue and drowsiness. At normal doses, it also has variable effects on memory, concentration, and motor coordination.
Currently, coffee plants are grown worldwide and in the equatorial regions of South America, Southeast Asia, India, and Africa.

There are a few processes required to produce coffee depending on the variety, it will take approximately 3 to 4 years for the newly planted coffee trees to bear fruit. Once the berries are picked, Once the coffee has been picked, processing must begin as quickly as possible to prevent fruit spoilage. Dried coffee berries are referred to as the “beans,” which are roasted at various temperatures to induce a multitude of flavors. Once the coffee beans are roasted, they are ground and then brewed with hot water to produce the beverage known as coffee.
Coffees are generally roasted to three different levels: Light, Medium, and Dark.
It all starts with finding the coffee that matches your personal preferences.
Once coffee beans are roasted and exposed to oxygen, they begin to lose freshness, and this degradation happens much more rapidly with ground coffee given the larger surface area coming into contact with oxygen.

Roasted Coffee

Beans-Roasted-coffee-Barista

Coffees are generally roasted to three different levels: Light, Medium, and Dark.

1. Light Roast coffees - tend to highlight the different flavors from citrus to floral notes and have a more tea-like or silky mouthfeel. For people who enjoy the vibrance of acidic type coffees, you’ll find the most flavor here. By volume, there's more caffeine in light roast coffee than in dark roast coffee.

2. Medium Roast coffees - have a creamy, deeper notes of chocolate, nuts, red fruits, and sugars. This roast is perfect for someone who needs a bit more of a punch than a light roast, but not as harsh as a dark roast. The average coffee drinker enjoys medium roasts, which is usually specialty roasted, since it is less acidic and intense, but still can showcase a natural flavor profile.


3. Dark Roast coffees - offer a heavier mouthfeel with little to no acidity. These bold coffees boast flavors of walnut, cherries, dark chocolate, and clove. The best dark roast coffees are roasted to avoid bitterness, less caffeinated, and more single note in flavor.

Whole Bean or Ground?

Whole beans are more flavorful and produce that “fresh” quality everyone looks for in a delicious cup of coffee. Ground beans, on the other hand, tend to lose the fragrance we're looking for when we open a new bag of beans.

Coffee grounds need to be very fine, like the texture of sand, because the water comes into contact with them for a shorter period of time. If you see a bag of ground coffee beans that says “espresso,” it usually means that the beans are roasted to the espresso point and they're ground to a fine espresso grind.

Espresso It's typically made using dark roasted coffee beans that are very finely ground and brewed in a special espresso machine that forces hot water at high pressure through the ground coffee. It is an Italian style of coffee that's brewed very strong and served in a smaller cup.


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